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Early Civilizations quiz



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

What is one theory about how early peoples migrated from Asia to the Americas?
a.
They walked across a land bridge.
b.
They came with Columbus.
c.
They came on horseback.
d.
They rode on mammoths and caribou.
 

 2. 

What is one theory about why early peoples migrated from Asia to the Americas?
a.
Horses were plentiful.
b.
Land was free.
c.
Hunters followed animals.
d.
No diseases existed.
 

 3. 

How did early Americans get food during the Ice Age?
a.
They grew vegetables.
b.
They hunted animals.
c.
They grew grains.
d.
They raised animals.
 

 4. 

Where did most early people live during the Ice Age?
a.
in California
b.
in a valley
c.
next to a water source
d.
wherever food was found
 

 5. 

Which of the following BEST describes what happened to early peoples when large Ice Age animals died out?
a.
They became hunter-gatherers.
b.
They became vegetarians.
c.
They became extinct.
d.
They became farmers.
 

 6. 

What was the effect of agriculture on the way of life of the early peoples?
a.
They didn’t hunt anymore.
b.
They settled in one place.
c.
They started to go to school.
d.
They sold more food.
 

 7. 

What was one purpose of the mounds built by the Mound Builders?
a.
collection spot for extra soil
b.
burial places for important chiefs
c.
foundation for buildings
d.
field separator for crops
 

 8. 

What does the fact that Mound Builders were able to build such enormous structures tell about them?
a.
They were dependable.
b.
They were trustworthy.
c.
They were well organized.
d.
They were kind.
 

 9. 

Which of the following is NOT true about the Anasazi?
a.
They ate nothing but the animals they hunted.
b.
They were the first to use irrigation in what is now the United States.
c.
They grew corn, squash, beans, and pumpkins.
d.
They were known as the “Cliff Dwellers.”
 

 10. 

How did the Anasazi become successful farmers in the desert?
a.
They dug wells for the water they needed.
b.
They grew plants that do not need water.
c.
They dug ditches to carry water from streams to their crops.
d.
They lived near streams and had plenty of water.
 

 11. 

Who traveled from Asia to America 2,500 years ago and stayed near the Arctic Ocean?
a.
the Anasazi
b.
the Inuit
c.
the Maya
d.
the Inca
 

 12. 

Which of the following is NOT true?
a.
The Inuit hunt walruses.
b.
The Inuit developed the kayak.
c.
The Inuit still build igloos.
d.
The Inuit are successful farmers.
 

 13. 

In which area were the Maya extremely successful?
a.
farming
b.
hunting
c.
fishing
d.
psychology
 

 14. 

What resulted from the Mayan food surplus?
a.
Some Maya donated to the poor.
b.
Some Maya studied agriculture.
c.
Some Maya began to farm.
d.
Some Maya began to specialize.
 

 15. 

What was developed as a result of the Mayan study of the movements of the sun, moon, stars, and planets?
a.
an extremely accurate horoscope
b.
an extremely accurate calendar
c.
a specialized type of corn
d.
an extremely accurate road system
 

 16. 

Which of the following is NOT one of the ways the Aztecs got more land for farming?
a.
They created floating gardens.
b.
They bought land from their neighbors.
c.
They carved terraces into hillsides.
d.
They developed irrigation systems.
 

 17. 

How did the Aztecs extend their borders to reach from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans?
a.
by honoring the god of war
b.
by following the instructions of one of their gods
c.
by conquering other peoples in the Valley of Mexico
d.
by receiving rewards for their sacrifices
 

Essay
 

 18. 

Compare and Contrast How were the lives of the Mound Builders and the Anasazi the same and different?
 



 
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