Name: 
 

Study Guide Chapter 4



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Why did Columbus sail west on his first expedition?
a.
to find a shorter route to the Indies
b.
to show King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella he could make the journey
c.
to take part in the Columbian Exchange
d.
to discover the Bahama Islands
 

 2. 

Which of the following was NOT a reason Columbus made more voyages to the West Indies?
a.
Spain wanted him to start a colony in the West Indies.
b.
He delivered people and animals to the new land.
c.
He wanted to learn the language of the Taino.
d.
The Spanish wanted the riches of the land.
 

 3. 

Which of the following defines the Columbian Exchange?
a.
sharing the riches from one land to another in the Western Hemisphere
b.
moving people and their ways of life between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
c.
changing sugarcane into sugar to sell at a huge profit
d.
using missionaries to convert Indians to Christianity in the Eastern Hemisphere
 

 4. 

What did NOT happen as a result of the Columbian Exchange?
a.
Europeans brought horses, cattle, sheep, and pigs to the Western Hemisphere.
b.
Europeans enjoyed new foods from the Americas, such as corn, potatoes, tomatoes, cocoa, and beans.
c.
Many Indians died from overwork and the diseases brought over by the Europeans.
d.
Europeans practiced Indian religion and customs, and the two groups shared the land.
 

 5. 

How did Columbus’s voyages impact the Americas?
a.
Columbus showed Europeans the way to the Americas.
b.
Explorers and settlers abandoned their plans to colonize the West Indies.
c.
The Indians returned to Asia with Columbus.
d.
The Indians showed the Europeans how to breed stronger horses.
 

 6. 

Which BEST describes the factors that enabled Cortés to defeat the Aztecs?
a.
larger forces, better weapons, and horses
b.
metal armor, muskets, horses, and allies
c.
stone weapons, muskets, and allies
d.
disease, allies, and more men
 

 7. 

After Cortés conquered the Aztecs, who conquered the Incan empire?
a.
Pizarro
b.
Cabeza de Vaca
c.
Coronado
d.
Cortés
 

 8. 

What colony was founded after the defeat of the Incan empire?
a.
New Portugal
b.
New Spain
c.
Lima
d.
Peru
 

 9. 

Which happened FIRST in Spain’s search for gold?
a.
Estéban was killed by the Zuni people in what is now New Mexico.
b.
Cabeza de Vaca traveled the American Southwest.
c.
The kingdom of Cíbola was discovered far north of Mexico.
d.
Coronado explored what is now the American Southwest.
 

 10. 

Which happened AFTER Estéban’s death in what is now New Mexico?
a.
Coronado continued the search for Cíbola.
b.
Cabeza de Vaca was shipwrecked off the Texas coast.
c.
Zuni people joined another expedition to find Cíbola.
d.
The Spanish abandoned their search for the kingdom.
 

 11. 

Which answer correctly sequences the groups in New Spain’s colonial society from most to least powerful?
a.
peninsulares, Africans and Indians, creoles, mestizos
b.
Africans and Indians, mestizos, creoles, peninsulares
c.
peninsulares, Africans and Indians, mestizos, creoles
d.
peninsulares, creoles, mestizos, Africans and Indians
 

 12. 

Which BEST describes the Indians’ life on an encomienda?
a.
They had large farms with many workers.
b.
They often worked without pay and were expected to become Christians.
c.
They were wealthy and powerful landowners who wanted to become Christians.
d.
They ran small businesses making furniture or clothing to sell to settlers.
 

 13. 

Why did the Spanish landowners want to keep slaves?
a.
The slaves made them rich.
b.
They could replace slaves easily.
c.
They helped with the slaves’ education.
d.
The slaves didn’t eat much.
 

 14. 

What was Las Casas’s point of view on Indians in the encomienda system?
a.
He wanted all slavery to end.
b.
He supported slavery.
c.
He supported their work on farms, but not in mines.
d.
He wanted to increase the number of slaves.
 



 
Check Your Work     Reset Help