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Chapter 10 Study Guide



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

What did the states hope to gain under the Articles of Confederation?
a.
a strong central government
b.
freedom, independence, and a firm league of friendship
c.
a powerful government
d.
a strong court system
 

 2. 

Which of the following BEST describes the government under the Articles of Confederation?
a.
Congress collected enough money to run the government.
b.
The judicial branch interpreted the laws.
c.
Congress could not pass laws to collect taxes.
d.
The legislative branch enforced the laws.
 

 3. 

What was one weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
a.
The government had only one branch.
b.
Each state paid taxes.
c.
Laws could not be made.
d.
Each state had one vote.
 

 4. 

What caused Shays’ Rebellion?
a.
Massachusetts had the power to tax its citizens.
b.
Massachusetts needed to pay its debts.
c.
Daniel Shays was an angry farmer.
d.
Massachusetts property taxes were hard on farmers.
 

 5. 

Which of the following was ordered by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
a.
divide the territory into smaller territories
b.
make the territory into four states
c.
make the territory into one state
d.
make the entire territory equal to the other states
 

 6. 

Which of the following did NOT apply to the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
a.
The Northwest Territory had to be divided into smaller territories.
b.
The Northwest Territory would automatically become a state.
c.
A governor and judges were named to govern the territory.
d.
Slavery was prohibited in the Northwest Territory.
 

 7. 

What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
a.
make laws to stop dissenters
b.
make a trade plan with Europe
c.
revise the Articles of Confederation
d.
elect a leader of the Confederation
 

 8. 

Which point in the Virginia Plan was objected to by supporters of the New Jersey Plan?
a.
Larger states should have more representatives in Congress.
b.
Congress requires greater power.
c.
The government needs an executive branch.
d.
The government needs a legislative branch.
 

 9. 

Which of the following does NOT describe the Great Compromise?
a.
equal representation in the Senate
b.
representation based on population in the House of Representatives
c.
a Congress made up of two houses
d.
enslaved people counted in state populations
 

 10. 

What was the outcome of the Constitutional Convention?
a.
Compromises were proposed.
b.
The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation.
c.
The Articles of Confederation were amended.
d.
Trade with Europe was established.
 

 11. 

Which of the following goals is stated in the Preamble to the Constitution?
a.
to protect the people’s liberty
b.
to provide equality for all
c.
to protect the people’s health
d.
to provide an education for all
 

 12. 

Which of the following is NOT a major goal of the Constitution?
a.
to defend the nation
b.
to control all laws in the states
c.
to ensure peace
d.
to establish justice
 

 13. 

Which group wanted a strong national government, like that set forth in the Constitution?
a.
Antifederalists
b.
Colonists
c.
Federalists
d.
Constitutionalists
 

 14. 

Which of the following BEST describes the Antifederalists?
a.
people who were happy with the Constitution
b.
people who wanted more power
c.
people who wanted government to have more power
d.
people who were unhappy with the Constitution
 

 15. 

Which of the following BEST describes the Bill of Rights?
a.
list of the men who signed the Constitution
b.
list of rights and wrongs as spelled out in the Constitution
c.
ten Constitutional amendments specifying freedoms
d.
list of laws governed by each state
 

 16. 

What happened when Congress pledged to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
a.
Protests and uprisings occurred in many states.
b.
Many states refused to sign the Constitution.
c.
Many people moved away so it wouldn’t affect them.
d.
Many states signed the Constitution.
 

 17. 

How did Benjamin Franklin describe the government under the Constitution?
a.
“A republic, if you can keep it.”
b.
“that precious depository of American happiness”
c.
“First in war, first in peace.”
d.
“If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”
 



 
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