1. Enjoy reading. Take your child to the public library, buy them a subscription to a kids magazine, have different types of reading material for them to choose from and most of all have a family reading time. It is important that they see you reading as well. Remember they want to grow up and be just like you!
2. The "bossy R" rule. This is a difficult rule for students to remember when reading. Practice reading words with the vowel and r together. You can make flash cards, circle the words in a magazine or newspaper. The rule is: when a vowel and r are together the r does not allow the vowel to speak therefore, you hear only the "r" in the word. For instance, bird, turn, skirt, cart etc. Students will have difficulty spelling these words as well. These words will be words that they will memorize as they become better readers and writers.
3. Get your son or daughter a journal. Have your child record what they did in the journal. This will allow them to reflect on the day but more important become better writiers.
4. Have your child use a ruler or a plain piece of paper to follow the words as they read. This will help with fluency and keep their eyes on the words.
5. starfall.com (phonics-practice)