Assignment for Visual Art on a Non-Traditional Instructional Day

 

Observational Drawing

What is Observational Drawing?

Observational drawing is exactly what it sounds like: drawing via observation.  By simply looking at the subject and drawing what is presented to the eye, an art student gains solid perceptual skills and hand-eye coordination, as well as eliminating flawed preconceptions about the appearance of objects.  Observational drawing requires the artist to transfer three-dimensional subject matter onto a flat two-dimensional drawing surface.  It involves recognizing lines, curves, edges, perspective, hues, values and translating them to the drawing surface.

Vocabulary:

Line:  defined by a point moving in space.  Line may be two-or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied or abstract.

Perspective:  portraying the three dimensions on a fat two-dimensional surface by suggesting depth or distance.

Hue:  a color.

Value:  the lightness or darkness of tones or colors.

Gradient scale:  a visual technique of gradually transitioning from one color hue to another, or from one shade to another.

Positive space and negative space:  Positive space can be described as the areas in a work of art that are the subjects, or areas of interest.  Negative space is the area around the subjects, or areas of interest.

Objective:

For each Non-Traditional Instructional Day, you will do one observational drawing of a subject of your choosing, but also one that’s both interesting, detailed and challenging to draw.  Your drawing will be on a 9”x12” sheet of drawing paper and you will use a drawing pencil(s) as your medium.  Your drawing should involve a minimum of ½ hour of time to complete.

Evaluation:

Your evaluation will be based on the observational drawing rubric included with this lesson.  You will have THREE DAYS after our return to school to turn in your assignment.

Observational Drawing Rubric

 

                                                            4                  3                   2                  1                   0

Technical Accuracy

“Draw what you see, not what you know.”  Accurately drew shapes, proportions, contours and details.  Drawing is expressive and detailed.

Attempted to draw what was seen.  Attempted to draw proportions correctly and points of overlapping.  Drawing is expressive and somewhat detailed.

Somewhat drew what was seen.  However proportions are not exact.  Did not observe and draw points of overlapping.  Drawing is somewhat detailed.

You can tell what was being observed in the drawing, but proportions are not correct.  Did not observe and draw any points of overlapping.  Drawing lacks almost all details.

Did not do an observational drawing.  Has no details.

Shading/Value

Successfully incorporated all 8 ranges from the gradient scale with smooth transitions.  Observed and shaded highlights and shadows, and the direction of the light source is apparent.

Incorporated 6-7 ranges from the value scale with smooth transitions.   Observed and shaded highlights and shadows.  Viewer can see where the light source comes from.

Incorporated 4-5 ranges from the value scale with rough transitions.    Some highlights and shadows are observed, but not very accurately and they do not match the light source.

Incorporated 2-3 ranges from the value scale with very rough transitions.    Very vague representations of highlights, shadows and light source.

Did not create value in drawing.  No transitions.  Only black and white.  No highlights, shadows nor light source are drawn.

Elements of design

Understands and uses the elements of design to create a successful and interesting artwork.  Has a strong sense of line both real and implied.

Uses the elements of design to create a successful artwork.  Understands the basics, but has not experimented.  Uses real and implied line.

Attempts to use the elements of design.  Shows a minimal understanding of the basics of the elements. Uses real line.

Unsuccessfully uses the elements of design.  Shows a very minimal understanding of the basics.  Uses real line.

Does not understand how to use the element of design.  No attempt at organizing the elements.

Composition

Understands and uses principles of design to create a strong and interesting composition.   Utilized the positive and negative space extremely well on the paper.

Used the principles of design to create an interesting composition.  Utilized the positive and negative space well on paper.

Attempted to use the principles of design to create a composition.  Attempted to use the positive and negative space will on paper,   Drawing takes up ¼ to ¾ of the paper space.

Did not use the principles of design will to create and interesting composition.  Did not use space well.  Drawing only takes up to ½ of the paper space.

Did not use the principles of design to create an interesting composition.  Did not use space will.  Drawing is very small and/or takes up less than ¼ of the paper.

Creativity

Has taken the technique being studied and applied it in a way that is totally his/her own.  His/her personality /voice comes through.  Everything is original.

Has taken the technique being studied and has used source material as a starting place.  His/her personality comes through in parts of the painting.  Everything is original.

Has copied from another source.  There is little evidence of creativity, but he/she has done the assignment.

Has not made much attempt to meet the requirements of the assignment.  A majority of the assignment has been copied from another source.

No creativity attempted.

 

Artwork is a direct copy from another source.

Craftsmanship/presentation

Utilized time appropriately.  Artwork is created and maintained in a professional manner.   No tears, smudges, or stray marks.  Artwork is neatly signed in the appropriate spot.

Utilized time appropriately.  Artwork is created and maintained fairly neatly.  No tears, minimal smudges or stray marks.  Artwork is neatly signed in the appropriate spot.

Could have utilized time better.  Artwork is created and maintained with an attempt at neatness.  Artwork may be torn, smudged, or have stray marks.  Artwork is signed.

Did not use time well.  Artwork is poorly created and maintained.  Artwork is torn, smudged or has stray marks that distract from the image.  Artwork is sloppily signed.

Artwork is not finished, was folded, crumpled up, ripped, etc.  No signature on artwork.